Life Clinic  > Fertility treatments  > Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer (GIFT)

Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer (GIFT)

This is an early, relatively simple technique devised in the 1980s. GIFT is a similar treatment to IVF except that fertilisation occurs inside the woman's body rather than in the laboratory.

During this treatment, the woman is prescribed fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries to produce many eggs. The eggs are collected, mixed immediately with the sperm and transferred through a laparoscopic procedure directly into the woman's Fallopian tubes where fertilisation will take place. This treatment requires the female partner to have at least one healthy Fallopian tube.

GIFT may be recommended in cases of sperm dysfunction, endometriosis without tubal damage, unexplained infertility or where donor eggs and/or sperm are used. This treatment is no longer a popular technique. It is rarely used in most clinics in the United Kingdom and accounts for less than 1 percent of assisted conception procedures. This procedure requires a laparoscopy and general anaesthetic which may explain why GIFT is less popular than IVF.

Zygote Intra-Fallopian Transfer (ZIFT)

This technique is similar to GIFT except that it involves fertilised eggs. Up to 3 fertilised eggs are transferred into the Fallopian tube laparoscopically.

Images of fertilised eggs. GIFT requires the woman to have a last one healthy Fallopian tube.